Family traditions and customs
The content of the article:
Family traditions and customs of our ancestors
The institution of family was founded in ancient times. At first the families were polygamous, one man had several wives. Polygamy was an absolutely pragmatic motives, many men died in wars, hunting accidents. Over time, family traditions have changed on the European continent is firmly entrenched monogamous marriage. Polygamy prevails today in some primitive tribes of Africa and Asia. In institutional terms it is enshrined in the Muslim religion, although in most countries of the Muslim family have become monogamous.
What family traditions and customs of our ancestors? The first thing to mention is the distribution of roles in the family. For centuries the head of the household was the husband. He took the most important decision was the provider and the undisputed authority for his wife and children. The woman was a mother and homemaker, she was treated with respect, her husband trusted her with the upbringing of children. the management of the home. Although the full equality of men and women to talk in those days was not necessary. Children family tradition has prescribed obedience to parents, especially the father, were for them an absolute authority.
In the old Patriarchal families are strongly honor the memory of ancestors. Often several generations lived in the same house and the head of the family was considered the most senior member of the family. At the time of marriage the boy and girl or their parents necessarily pay attention to what sort of bride and groom, was the family fair, decent, good spoke about her people. Thus material welfare of the family is not always played such an important role, as reputation, family tradition and values.
A very important unifying factor in traditional families was a joint farming. In villages, the whole family worked together on the field for tillage had many hands, we lived together, the children and parents, and grandparents. In the cities the main activities were Handicrafts and trade. According to the family traditions of this profession was hereditary, from father to son.
Our ancestors not only worked, family traditions and customs evolved around the holidays. In pagan times many festivals were associated with the seasons and cycles of field work. For example, the holiday of Ivan Kupala was associated with the summer solstice, at this time, traditionally the girls were picking up guys, was looking for a couple that celebrated engagement. In autumn, after the harvest festival, marriage. In winter we celebrated the Christmas carols and Malanka, it was a fun meal with songs and a “people’s theater” for the whole family, especially enjoyed the party the kids. With the advent of Christianity, the family traditions and celebrations have changed a little, although many remained pagan rites. According to the custom of the family meal the family would gather around Christmas and Easter. On the eve of Great lent all went together on squares of towns and villages to celebrate the fun filled carnival.