The Art of Japan: traditions and modernity”
Recently I heard of a Japanese saying. “The one with the terrace beside the water, the moon before others see.” What it’s about. About the amazing love of man to nature. Japanese myths tell that when the gods Izanami and Izanagi over the rainbow descended from the heavens to separate the earth from the abyss, struck Izanagi the powerful spear on abyss and then with his spear rolled the string drops. These drops formed a curved chain of Islands. Yamato is the ancient name of Japan, means “way of the mountains”. The name “Yamato” suggests that the creation of Japan is not yet complete. “The land of the rising sun” called her neighbors.
Japanese love to the lovely is rooted in their love of nature. Japan is a country of beautiful landscapes in a soft green-blue tones. This delicate range can sometimes break the fall colors of the maples turning red. Maple in Japanese- “Momiji” – “hundred days red”. Admiring maple leaves in Japan there are certain places.
The desire for harmony with nature – the main feature of Japanese art. Architects erected a house so that they blend in with the environment. Usually material for the construction of the house is a tree (the teacher shows a picture ). Let’s see what Japanese house is different from Russian.
Instead of brick walls the Japanese used wooden frames, they are first pasted thick paper and now plastic. Frame walls apart like glass on the bookshelf. This allows you to easily change the layout of the home, to increase or decrease the bathroom. So, pushing the outer wall can be on the terrace. In warm weather pushing “Shoji”, you can admire the beauty of the garden. Traditional Japanese house facade out of the small garden. curved pond, boulders, stones, sand, stream, tree.
We enter the house. Crossing the threshold, we find ourselves in a spacious, not cluttered hallway. Any furniture and household items. In this simplicity lies the peculiarity of the Japanese dwelling. The decor is very modest. no carpets or decorative figurines. The Japanese never hang more than one picture, it is like listening to two tunes at the same time
The Japanese are not religious, but instead of icons in each dwelling is like the altar of beauty – “takenuma” – a niche in the wall – the visual centre of the room. A niche is a reflection of the interests and culture of the host. In the alcove the hanging scroll with a poem in the form of haiku and painting tanks or written in ink. Usually silk or rice paper. Below is ikebana – an artfully composed of three bouquet of flowers. From this niche, like before kindergarten, the Japanese may have to think long about the meaning of life.
The Japanese paintings are unusual. “Civilization pine needles” – the so-called culture of the Japanese because of their adoration for the parts of plants or flowers. “Blank space on the scroll ispolneny more meaning than what is charted brush”.
So today in class we try to create a scroll in the style of Japanese art, but with its own mood.
The scroll consists of paintings and poems. Today we will try to draw a dragonfly sitting on the chrysanthemum. Dragonfly is drawn like this (Annex 1). Pririsovyvat bottom of the flower that is the symbol of autumn (Appendix 2). Remember that you need to draw a strictly vertical brush, ink with different density. the body of a dragonfly draw a clear line, and its wings of light mascara. The middle of the flower is black ink, the ends of the petals – a weak ink.
On the second sheet of A4 with a sweeping penmanship, like hieroglyphics, write a haiku or tank. The tank is a verse with 5 lines, haiku – 3 lines with verses that were not bound by rhyme. The poems Express a mood of the author, for example,