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Culture, traditions and customs of Japan. • Japan • Asia • Countries

Samurai, sake, sushi, anime, haiku – that’s what associations are carried out at the mention of Japan. and this is just a small list of what is known to every admirer of Japanese customs.

In Japan there are many holidays (just – 15)and internal, associated with a particular perception of nature. To state are traditional for Europeans festivals, as well as the holidays associated with nature and its manifestations (the spring and autumn equinox, Day, green, holiday, kids, sea, etc.).

Japanese culture, in his time, was strongly influenced by Asian countries, despite its isolation by geographical location, and frequent natural phenomena associated with earthquakes and floods. The inexhaustible ability of the Japanese to admire the fleeting beauty seen reflected in the art of Japan.

An integral part of the cultural heritage of the Japanese is the writing system. Not accidentally, calligraphy in Japan is considered one of the existing arts and is taught along with drawing lessons. Back in the old days a sign of cultural Japanese was considered his skillful calligraphy. There are several styles of writing hieroglyphs, developed by Buddhist monks. Japanese language is considered to be one of the most complex languages, both in pronunciation and writing.

Japanese literature for a long time developed in parallel with the Chinese literature, trying to imagine her powerful influence. There is evidence that some works were published in Chinese.

Japanese painting is no less ancient art with a variety of styles and genres. The leading place for painting, however, as for literature, given to the nature, in the image of her as the carriers of the divine. Amazing style of painting found in the paintings representing the horizontal scrolls, vividly illustrating literary works. No less interesting monochrome watercolour and printed woodblock prints depicting geishas, actors of Kabuki theatre, or simply landscapes.

The history of the development of sculpture associated with the emergence in Japan of Buddhism. The sculpture is a statue of the Buddhist concepts about religion. One of the most ancient Japanese sculptures is the wooden statue of the Buddha in the Zenko-JI temple. The material for making the statue served as metal and wood, which were opened by lacquer, gilding or bright paint.

National Japanese cuisine is the use of natural products that have minimal thermal processing. The main ingredients in cooking is rice, legumes (soy, beans), seafood, meat (mostly beef and pork), vegetables and edible plants. Specific rules when making dishes, serving, table etiquette – here is a simple list of welcome guests from other countries.

The most characteristic features of Japanese cuisine can be called using high quality fresh ingredients, a variety of seafood, the minimum heat treatment, the seasonality of food and eating small portions bordering on the exotic specificity in the use of Cutlery (chopsticks), as well as the unusual table setting and table etiquette.

A variety of Japanese dishes is committed to the manifestation of its forms and colors in the elegance, aesthetics. Great importance is attached to ease of holding utensils, because in the course of the meal it is customary to hold in hands. Absolutely no concept of the dinner service, so “Japanese table set– – purely European interpretation of Japanese traditions.

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