In Japan March is generally considered women’s month is celebrated not only the eighth of March, but “Momo-but sekku” (peach blossom Festival), the famous Holiday girls, better known as “Hina Matsuri”, the doll Festival. Initially celebrated in the 3rd day of the 3rd month, as a seasonal event because at that time the peasants were relatively free from agricultural work and can enjoy the first warm days, when you started flowering peach trees.
According to the ancient traditions of the Heian period (794-1185 years) on this day in noble families were invited exorcists who have made special prayer services, aimed at all the troubles people have switched to paper dolls, “nagsi-Bina” which was then taken to swim in the river or sea.
The wide spread of the holiday was in the 18th century, and its main purpose was added custom to arrange in homes where there are girls, shows a richly dressed dolls depicting the life and customs of the Imperial Palace. Now the custom has changed a bit: instead of paper dolls put ceramic figures dressed in silk clothes. On a special bookcase in the best room there is a set that is composed of dolls, passed on from generation to generation Continue reading
New year is one of the favorite holidays in Japan. From ancient times it was considered purely a family celebration. On the eve of the feast, the night of December 31, for new year’s eve meal was going all relatives.
Himself new year’s celebration is deeply symbolic, and this symbolism is especially evident in the Christmas food. On the table there is a long buckwheat noodles “soba”, promising longevity and well-being of the entire family, bean dishes, and beans you in the coming year of health problems and marinated herring ROE “kazunoko” – as a symbol of fertility in all senses of the word. From fish dishes traditionally choose carp as a symbol of strength, and small dried sardines, substitute new year wishes. And, of course, the obligatory dish of the Christmas table are rice cakes “Moti”.
In the old days in the New year’s eve cooking “Moti” took place with the participation of all family members or even neighbors. It was believed that “mochi” is the place where dwells the spirit, pokr overallstyle growth of rice. So, the more people will take part in the process, the richer will heal the entire County. Traditional method of preparation is quite time-consuming: the cooked rice is very sticky special varieties spread Continue reading
The culture of Japan resulted from a historical process that began with the relocation of the ancestors of the Japanese people on the Japanese archipelago from the continent and the emergence of a culture of Jomon. Modern Japanese culture was strongly influenced by Asian countries (especially China and Korea), Europe and North America.
One of the features of Japanese culture is its long development period in complete isolation of the country (sakoku policy) from the rest of the world during the reign of the Tokugawa Shogunate, which lasted till the middle of XIX century — beginning of the Meiji period.
The culture and mentality of the Japanese was influenced by an isolated territorial situation of the country, geographical and climatic features, as well as specific natural disasters (frequent earthquakes and typhoons), which resulted in a kind of Japanese attitude to nature as a living creature. The ability to admire the immediate beauty of nature as a feature of national character of Japanese, found expression in many art forms of Japan.
The history of Japanese culture:
The Jomon (10 thousand years BC — 300 BC) — first examples of ceramics, jewelry and female figurines the dog
The Yayoi (300 BC — 300 ad) — the transition Continue reading